WEAVING ON THE LOOM
Talented expression and craftsmanship
Phyti weaving is the most important
type of Cypriot weaving and its name derives from Phyti village in Pafos.
The origins of phyti weaving are lost in the ages, but it has evolved through
time, having undergone changes brought about by the history of the island.Geometric
patterns similar to motifs used in phyti weaving were used since ancient times
as can be seen from pottery of the Geometric period.
Weaving was heavily developed during Byzantine times and during the Venetian
and Lusignian dynasty. In those days, Cypriot valuable silk and woolen fabrics
were renowned for their high quality and were exported in great quantities to
In Cyprus, phyti weaving was part of the dowry of young girls which was
necessary for their marriage and future life. As a result, weaving formed a
means of talent expression and craftsmanship.
To this day, the main features of phyti weaving are the colorful, geometric
textured designs or “ploumia” as they are called by the weavers, which are made
on natural cotton cloth.
The “ploumia” mainly have strong primary colors: blue, red, green, orange, and
yellow; they are made while weaving by using thick colored threads of “fytilia”
which are placed by the weaver among the wrap threads.